The Turkish state is using different groups to occupy Syria. They all go under the name of "Syrian National Army-SNA" and each has a separate agenda although in the end they all serve one agenda, Turkey's.
The Turkish state has one plan, which is to de-Kurdishize Northern and Eastern Syria and ultimately to invade the region, such it did with Hatay province (back in 1939) and sell it to the international community.
The Turkish state uses dozens of different groups, many of them originating from Al Qaeda and the Muslim Brotherhood to occupy Syria.
The Turkish state placed in strategic places on the border line the groups which claimed to be composed of "Turkmens", such as Sultan Murad, Sultan Suleyman Shah, Sultan Mahmed Fatih, Muntasir Billallah and Samarkand. While it puts the groups composed of Arabs on the front line to fight against the Kurds.
The idea of the Turkish state is to create a sort of "Turkmen belt" on the border with Northern Syria.
The Adana Agreement: Worst case scenario
After the Adana Agreement reached on 20 October 1998 between the Turkish state and the Syrian Government, Turkish intelligence began to invest in these groups and is now trying to legitimize the occupation by placing these groups on the 5 km line along the border line.
The Turkish state, knowing that it will not be permanent in Syria, places elements of these 5 groups in the regions in order to implement the "5-kilometer hot line" article on the border line.
The Turkish state keeps these 5 groups behind in order not to suffer losses in the conflicts. While these strategic groups have under their control important places such as as border gates and road routes, other groups, mostly composed of Arabs and foreigners, are leading inward.
After the occupation of Afrin the mercenaries of other groups competing with "Sultan Murad" (jihadi faction) had been clashing with one another.
Now along the border of Syria there are groups composed of "Turkmen": the majority being from Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, the Uighurs composed of mercenaries brought from the Caucasus and Central Asia.
These groups were located in Idlib, Jabal al-Akrad (Kurdish mountain), Jabal al-Turkman (Turkmen mountain) Bab Al Hawa Border Crossing, Antarib, Jinderese, Rajo, Bulbul and Şera districts in Afrin, Bab Al Selame Border Gate in Azaz.
Now the Turkish state has deployed them on the border lines of the region and started to settle these groups along the first 5 kilometers of the border and in Tell Abiad and Ras al-Ayn.
Here is a list of 29 gangs/groups/factions under the name of the "Syrian National Army" working for Erdogan.
1- Ahrar al-Sharqiya : This group broke off from ISIS in Deir Ez-Zor and moved to Idlib. It came to the fore for its brutality, plundering, theft and rape.
2- Jaysh al-Nukhba : Formerly Jaysh al-Tahrir announced in 2017 that they reorganized under the name Jaysh al-Nukhba. This group led by Mohamed Ahmed Al Sayed operated in Aleppo, Latakia, Hama and Idlib. They took part in the occupation of Afrin.
3- Liwa Suqur Al Sham: This group, which was founded by Ahmed Abu Isa in 2011, worked with Al Nusra for a long time, and later joined Ahrar Al Sham. Known for its jihadist ideas, contains a large number of foreign mercenaries. They took part in the occupation of Afrin.
4- Faylaq Al Damascus: Established in 2014 with the participation of 19 jihadi gangs/factions. This group, headed by Fadil Alah Al Haki, took part in the attacks against Shahba and Sheikh Maqsoud . This group, which is also in the occupation of Afrin, has good relations with the Turkish state and is one of the largest structures within the SNA.
5- Ahrar al-Sham: This group, one of the largest, was founded in 2011 by Hasan Abod. The group, which operates in many places in western Syria, had a fluctuating relationship with Al-Nusra. They're working together in Idlib right now. They joined the invasion of Afrin.
6- Hamza Division: Syrian jihadi group trained and equipped by the United States and Turkey as part of the CIA/Pentagon "Train and Equip" Program in northwestern Syria. This group, which was previously active mainly in Dera, Aleppo and Damascus countryside, started to operate mainly in al-Bab when relations with the Turkish state developed. Led by Syrian Army defector, former ISIS member, Lt. Saif Abu Bakr , has good relations with the Republic of Turkey and took part in the occupation of Afrin.
7- Liwa Al Fath: ia Sunni Islamist group, which had previously worked with different groups, announced that it had joined the al-Shamiya in 2017.
8- Jaysh al-Ahfad: One of the first groups to form the National Army Bloc. Together with Liwa Samarkand, they were initially part of the Furqat Al Hamza. This group took part in the occupation of Afrin.
9- 23rd Division: Formerly active in Aleppo and Idlib, formerly known as "16th Division (who knows of what...) was infamous for robbery, kidnapping, extortion, and most notably mass looting of factories in Aleppo districts and shipping truckloads of looted items to Turkey. They took part in the Euphrates Shield and the occupation of Afrin.
10- 9th Division: This group, which was organized as special forces in 2014, was part of the Hazzm movement supported by the Pentagon. When this structure, which was in favor of the Islamic idea, carried out some actions against Al Nusra, they were liquidated by Al Nusra, and the Turkish state reorganized them. They joined the occupation of Afrin from the south of the city.
11- Fawj al-Mustafah: this group based in Marê which is known for its proximity to the Turkish state. This group, known for its statements against the Kurds and the SDF, was found in Afrin, especially on the Bulbul line.
12- Liwa Al Meghawir: In 2013, this group, which operates in Homs and Damascus countryside, withdrew to Idlib after an agreement with the regime and took part in the occupation of Afrin.
13- Firqat Al Mutasim: This group, based in Marê is known for possessing a large amount of US-supplied weapons from the CIA/Pentagon's "Train and Equip Program", including M16 rifles, M249 light machine guns, M240 machine guns, Soltam K6, M224 mortars, M252 mortars, M2 Browning, and technicals. They took part in the occupation of Afrin.
14- Jabhat Al-Shamiya: This group was established in 2014 and took part in the occupation of Afrin. Jabhat al-Shamiya - major Sunni Islamist groups operating in northern Syria, representing a spectrum of ideologies from hardline Salafism to apolitical factions. The Netherlands public prosecutor has declared it to be a terrorist organization in 2018, despite the Dutch government having earlier provided it with support.
15- 5th Regiment: This group operates in northern Hama and Idlib and joined the occupation of Afrin. Previously received BGM-71 TOW anti-tank missiles from the US-backed “Friends of Syria Group" and the Supreme Military Council. Despite being supported by the US, the group condemned the American-led intervention in Syria against ISIS and Jabhat al-Nusra .
16- Liwa Al Shamal: It was created by Faylaq Al Sham by bringing together jihadi gangs such as Hurras al-Din, Jabhat Ansar al-Islam Omar Abu al-Hasan and Maghawir al-Sunnah. This gang/group operating in Manbij, Jarablus and Shahba region took part in the occupation of Afrin.
17- Rical El Harb: It is a group that operates around Aleppo and Idlib.
18- Liwa Sultan Osman: Founded in 2017, this group was located in the vicinity of Bilbil in Afrin.
19- Jaysh Al Islam: Established in 2011 in Eastern Ghouta, was one of the largest groups. The commander of this structure, known for its Salafi ideas, was Zehran Alloush This Saudi-backed group used chlorine gas in the Shikh Maqsoud (Aleppo's Kurdish district) attacks. After Zehran Alloush was killed, his brother Mohamed Alloush took his place. This group joined the Riyadh and Astana meetings, and after leaving Ghouta settled together with Faylaq Al Rahman in al-Bab and Afrin.
20- Fastaqim Kama Umirta: Istanbul was the place where it was founded in 2012 with the participation of 7 groups. Mustafa Berro is the leader. The group has developed many partnerships, and is supported by Turkey, Qatar and the Saudis.
21- Jaysh al-Sharqiyah: It is one of the small groups and is members are from the eastern regions of Syria.
22- Thuwar al-Jazeera: emerged with the aim of fighting against the Kurds in the Jazeera region. This Jarablus-based group took part in the attacks on Manbij and the occupation of Afrin.
23- 51st Brigade: the group that was established in 2015. They attended the meetings in Geneva and took part in the occupation of Afrin.
24- Firqat al Shimaliya: aka "Northern Division" - Liwa Fursan al-Haqq was the first name of this group which was founded in 2012 in the town of Kafr Nubl, in Idlib. The group received BGM-71 TOW missiles from the United States and Saudi Arabia, and was also armed, trained, and funded by Qatar... The CIA-backed group was headed by Fares Bayoush, but in 2017 Abid Karim Yahya took his place. He was also killed during the attack on Kurdish Sheikh Maqsood district of Aleppo.
25- Sultan Murad: heavily supported by Turkey, which provides funding and military training along with artillery and aerial support.
War crimes: On October 25th, 2013, the Sultan Murad gang shelled a monastery in Aleppo.
According to an Amnesty International report from May 2016, indiscriminate shelling of Sheikh Maqsoud by Islamist rebel groups, including the Sultan Murad, killed between February and April 2016 at least 83 civilians, including 30 children, and injured more than 700 civilians. Amnesty International’s regional director suggested that these repeated indiscriminate attacks constitute war crimes.
After their capture of the town of Jarabulus from ISIS in September 2016, Sultan Murad jihadists published pictures of themselves torturing four YPG members prisoners of war
A United Nations report in February 2017 came to the conclusion that during the siege of Eastern Aleppo the joint operations room of Syrian jihadi factions Fatah Halab including the Sultan Murad gang, after vowing to take revenge on the Kurds in Sheikh Maqsoud, intentionally attacked civilian inhabited neighbourhoods of the Kurdish enclave, killing and maiming dozens of civilians, and that these acts constitute the war crime of directing attacks against a civilian population
Control of borders and borders gates are left to this group.
26- Sultan Suleyman Shah: This group, which was composed of Turkmens in al-Bab region, tried to form some Kurdish groups in Qibesin region. However, it did not succeed. This group, headed by Abu Amse, took part in the occupation of Afrin.
27- Sultan Mehmed Fatih: This group was established by the Turkish state in the town of Xendura in Jarablus in 2012 and stayed in Aleppo for a long time. They joined Sultan Murad in 2015 and left in 2016. They mainly occupy Jarablus, Al Rai and Azaz and took part in the occupation of Afrin.
28- Muntasır Billallah: This group, which was previously located in Aleppo, operates mostly in Bab, Al Raî and Jarablus. This group is led by Firas Basha, works directly under the Turkish intelligence and took part in the occupation of Afrin.
The group is among the Syrian jihadi groups that support or at least tolerate Turkish nationalist or pan-Turkic ideologies like Neo-Ottomanism and Turanism. As a result, the Muntasir Billah Brigade has been associated with various Turkish right-wing or Islamist associations
29- Samarkand Brigade: Founded in Aleppo countryside in 2016, this group is supported by the Turkish state. It consists of people brought from Central Asia, especially Uzbeks. They explained the reasons for their establishment as fighting against the Kurds and the Syrian government and took part in the occupation of Afrin.
another war crime video involving these sectarian headchoppers, or as Western media calls them - "moderate rebels"
Warning! Graphic content!